Millennium Development Goals
At the United Nations Millennium Summit in 2000, 189 Member States adopted the Millennium Declaration and pledged to reach the eight Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) by 2015.
This represented an unprecedented consensus by world leaders on the major global challenges of the 21st century as well as a common commitment to meet these challenges.
The Declaration and the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) contained within it, set out a vision of inclusive development that expands the choices of all people in segments of society, and prioritizes the elimination of structural, institutional and cultural obstacles to participation in development.
It provides a road map and vision of a world free from poverty and hunger, with universal education, better health, environmental sustainability, freedom, justice and equality for all.
Ethiopia is one of the 189 countries that signed the Milleinnum Declaration. The Country has made commendable progress towards reaching most of the MDGs. Apart from the overall decline in poverty, positive gains have been made in terms of education, health and reducing the prevalence of HIV and AIDS. These advances are owed largely to the Government's efforts, with substantial support from the UN.
Ethiopia's Performance on the MDGs
Substantial progress has been made in the achievement of Millenium Development Goals in Ethiopia. The country is on course to achieve six of the eight MDGs (MDGs 1, 2, 4, 6, 7, and 8).
Goal 1: Eradicate Extreme Poverty and Hunger
Ethiopia is on course to reducing the prevalence of extreme poverty by half. The proportion of people living below the poverty line declined from 45.5% in 1995/96 to 38.7% in 2004/05, and 29.6% by 2010/11.
Goal 2: Achieve Universal Primary Education
The Net Enrolment Ratio (NER) for primary education (Grade 1–8) increased from 77.5% in 2005/06 to 85.4% in 2011/12. The primary school attendance ratio has risen from 30.2% in 2000/01 to 64.5% in 2010/11.
Goal 3: Gender Equality and Women Empowerment and Goal 5: Reducing maternal mortality are the two goals that are cited as lagging behind.
Goal 4: Reduce Child Mortality is one of the goals Ethiopia has already achieved.
Goal 6: Combat HIV/AIDS, Malaria and Other Diseases
It is estimated that HIV/AIDS prevalence amongst the adult population has dropped to 1.5% in 2010/11 (EDHS, 2011) against the MDG target of 2.5%, indicating that the country has more than achieved this.
Goal 7: Ensure Environmental Sustainability
The MDG 7 has four specific targets. The first of these targets requires the country to integrate the principles of sustainable development into national policies and programmes and to reverse the loss of environmental resources.
Through the medium term strategy (GTP) and Climate Resilient Green Economy (CRGE) strategy, Ethiopia has made important steps towards mainstreaming principles of sustainable development in its development process.
Goal 8: Developing a Global Partnership for Development
The objective of MDG eight has been to rally and foster global partnerships to address global development challenges and mobilize resources to finance interventions aimed at achieving the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs).
Significant progress has been made in creating, maintaining and expanding global partnerships for development; assessing progress towards the millennium